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Environmental, Animals and Plants

Future Trends


  • Industries which are forecast to grow include environmental conservation, landscaping; production horticulture, and sports turf management

  • The following areas are also considered important: animal health and welfare, food safety, environmental assessment, and waste management

  • There is likely to be increasing emphasis on animal welfare, which could mean the continued growth of pet sitters, dog walkers, and animal behaviour training (usually small businesses).

  • A few environmental and land-based projects are being developed, which could lead to interesting job opportunities (see what's happening locally),

  • Although there are still many small, independent pet shops, the numbers are likely to decrease as more people shop online and the number of pet superstores increases

  • The need for the UK to increase the amount of food it produces, so that it relies less on other countries, means that agricultural methods will become even more sophisticated - graduates with technical (e.g. machinery), scientific research skills (e.g. agrichemicals) and business management skills will be in demand

  • Farms nowadays are not just producing food - they are helping to provide renewable energy in the form of biofuel crops

  • Other parts of this sector also require higher skilled workers, such as in environmental consultancy (environmental management, engineering, auditing and assessment and eco-design) and waste management - according to a 2011 report by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), the UK is aiming to become a 'zero waste' economy

  • Many more young workers are needed, especially those with level 3 qualifications or people who are willing to learn - for instance, over 40% of the agricultural workforce is aged 50 or more, according to Lantra.  


Read more about this job sector, including the skills that might be needed in the future, on the National Guidance Research Forum site