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Environmental, Animals and Plants


exotic pet


Agricultural Technical Advisor/Consultants work with farmers giving them advice and specialist support to improve their business, such as how to improve the production and management of crops or livestock, and advising them on technology and business planning. Some work in research and development or with manufacturers of agricultural products.

Farm Managers run their own business or are employed by another person to manage their farm. The job depends on the size and type of farm (e.g. livestock, crops) and any additional business that may be run from the farm e.g. bed and breakfast. Their role includes sticking to legal regulations e.g. about the environment and animal welfare, as well as make a profit. They may also be involved with the practical side e.g. feeding livestock, driving tractors.

Farm Workers 

  • Crop farm workers do manual work that involves planting, tending and harvesting a range of crops.  They use machinery such as tractors and combine harvesters for some crops such as wheat barley, oats and sugar beet.
  • Livestock farm workers look after the animals e.g. cleaning, feeding, any equipment. Maintaining animal welfare and being aware of signs of illness is an essential part of the job and accurate records need to be kept.

Garden Centre Workers/Managers could work in small independent stores or large chains. Work involves selling a variety of goods, from plants and seeds, to garden furniture and tools. Some garden centres produce their own plants, which means they need workers with strong horticultural skills and interests.  Selling and customer service skills are vital, as is the ability to give advice on plants and various gardening topics to customers.


Countryside Officers/Rangers protect, conserve and promote the environment by encouraging visitors and raising awareness of conservation. The role includes practical work, such as making sure footpaths and public areas are safe, making minor repairs to fences, gates and walls and running activities, as well as management tasks, such as controlling a budget, applying for funding and recruiting and supervising staff and volunteers.

Education and Interpretation Officers raise awareness and promote understanding of the environment to different audiences, such as schools, colleges, business, community groups and the general public. To do this they may run workshops, do presentations, do practical outdoor activities, produce learning materials to use in schools and colleges, and research, design, produce and distribute a range of interpretive media (ranging from live art to leaflets and display panels).

Fish Farmers breed and rear fish and shellfish for sale - buyers include food retailers and production companies. They may also breed other types of fish for angling purposes or to use in ornamental pools. They feed fish by hand or by filling automatic feeding systems, grade fish or shellfish by size and move them to bigger tanks, maintain water quality, monitor the health of fish and harvest them for sale. They could be involved in business matters e.g., keeping records and accounts and negotiating sales.

Gardeners may work in public and historical parks, private and botanical gardens, sports facilities or nurseries growing and looking after plants. They cut grass and hedges, dig, plant, cut back plants and weed as well and controlling pests and diseases.They use a range of hand tools and mechanical equipment of all sizes. Some specialise e.g. looking after trees and shrubs. If a garden is open to the public they may also give advice and information to visitors.

Greenkeepers  A greenkeeper maintains and cares for a golf course making sure it has a good and safe playing surface. Each of the four areas on a golf course, tees, fairways, greens and areas of rough, requires maintenance. They mow and treat turf, renovate and maintain bunkers and other hazards such as water features, repair wear and tear caused by golfers and animals such as moles and rabbits, deal with drainage problems, water the course, cut new holes on greens, and plant and prune trees and shrubs.


Animal Care Assistants are responsible for the care and welfare of animals under supervision. They are employed by places such as catteries or boarding kennels, zoos, safari parks, animal welfare centres, farm parks, grooming establishments and veterinary hospitals. The role involves cleaning the animals and their accommodation, feeding them, checking for signs of illness, dealing with visitors or customers, and keeping records.

Animal Physiotherapists work closely with vets to help to reduce pain, improve mobility and prevent the recurrence of injury in animals (mainly horses and dogs). They deal with problems affecting the joints, muscles, tendons and ligaments of the body by using a range of techniques including ultrasound, mobilization, magnetic field therapy, neuromuscular stimulation, hydrotherapy and massage as well as devise exercise programmes. Chartered animal physiotherapists are also qualified to treat humans.

Animal Technologists work in the animal technology industry which involves the husbandry, care and welfare of animals bred to be used in scientific research and the carrying out of authorised procedures in a bio-medical centre. They carry out regular animal health checks, clean out their accommodation, provide fresh water and food and take samples and measurements keeping records of their work. Most animals are used for medical, dental and veterinary research. The industry is tightly regulated by the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986. .

Horse Grooms care for horses keeping them clean, healthy, groomed and in good condition, exercised and well fed. They also muck out the stables and keep the yard and exercise area clean, prepare horses for riding, competitions and shows and tack (putting on saddles and bridles) and untack them after riding. Some grooms also exercise the horses or school them over obstacles. Those working in riding schools may welcome visitors and lead riders out on foot or horseback.

Veterinary nurses work alongside veterinary surgeons providing nursing care and treatment for animal patients and providing help and advice to their owners. They work within veterinary surgeries or hospitals and can work with either domestic or exotic animals, as well as with horses and farm animals. The work could include hold and calming animals during examinations, monitoring vital signs (e.g temperature, heart rate), administering medication, keeping records, and cleaning duties.