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Healthcare and Society



Children and Young People's workforce

  • School teacher Primary teachers usually teach one class in all subjects, while secondary school teachers usually teach one or two subjects to several different classes.
  • Teaching assistants/learning support assistants work alongside teachers in the classroom, helping pupils get the most out of their learning.
  • Early years practitioner/nursery nurse - responsible for groups of babies and young children, with support from nursery assistants
  • Playworker or out-of-school club assistant - provide a safe and fun space in which to play, socialise, try out new things or just spend quiet time.
  • Youth and community worker - help young people to learn, grow and develop, and encourage them to play a positive role in the community.

Community Justice

  • Community safety officers may have different roles depending on their employer. They could deal with issues such as policing, drug and alcohol misuse, domestic abuse, crime and anti-social behaviour, health promotion, children's safety and youth crime, environmental issues and area regeneration.
  • Police Community Support Officers (PCSOs) support the police in reducing crime, fear and antisocial behaviour. They spend much of their time patrolling the community on foot or bicycle.
  • Probation officers work to protect the public, promote community safety and prevent crime. They carry out court work, such as providing courts with pre-sentence reports to on the best way to deal with a particular offender, and work with prisoners during and after their sentences.
  • Probation service officers - work could include supervising low risk offenders, maintaining case files, helping to prepare court reports and working with victims of crime.


This is a huge area - e.g. there are more than 300 different career areas in the NHS

  • Doctors are concerned with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of illnesses, diseases, disorders and injuries.
  • Nurses work with patients who are ill or injured or who have problems due to age or disability.
  • Physiotherapists work with patients to help them regain mobility, independence and well-being after accidents, illnesses, operations or simply due to the ageing process.
  • Paramedics respond to medical emergencies, treating and stabilising patients before transporting them to hospital by ambulance.
  • Diagnostic radiographers deal with patients with a variety of injuries and illnesses, assessing patients' needs before using a range of sophisticated equipment to produce images to diagnose the injury or disease.
  • Therapeutic radiographers plan and deliver programmes of radiation treatment to cancer patients, explaining and agreeing treatments with patients, their relatives and carers, as well as monitoring progress throughout their treatment.

Social Care

Social care covers a range of services providing care and support to vulnerable people in the community, such as children, the elderly or people with disabilities or complex health needs. Jobs include:

  • Social worker and social work assistants who may work with a specific group of people such as children, young people, older adults or, people with disabilities and complex health needs.
  • Social care workers support people who, for many different reasons, need practical, social and emotional assistance to live well-balanced lives in their local communities. Age, illness, mental health issues, abuse, disabilities, crime or exploitation are some of the reasons people need social care support.